Acute Kidney Injury refers to the abrupt deterioration in kidney function that happens within few hours or few days. AKI results in the accumulation of waste products in your blood and therefore makes it tough for your kidneys to maintain right balance of fluid in your body. It can also affect other organs in your body like brain, heart and lungs.
Acute Kidney Injury normally happens as a complication of another serious illness and can range from minor loss of kidney function to full kidney failure. AKI usually occurs in older people who are suffering from other medical conditions but their kidneys are also affected due to this.
There are several causes for Acute Kidney Injury to occur, namely:
The signs and symptoms experienced by a patient of AKI are:
The treatment for Acute Kidney Injury involves treating the underlying cause first so that kidneys can recover soon. You may be required to stay in the hospital till the underlying cause is cured and your recover get normal. In severe cases, dialysis may be done to replace kidney function till the time your kidneys recover properly.