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CNS Infections

What are CNS Infections?

The Central Nervous System (CNS) comprises of the brain, spinal cord and related membranes. Usually, CNS is well-secured against infections by tough, protective membranes. But under some circumstances, bacteria gain access to areas of the CNS and results in abscesses as well as empyemas (accumulation of pus). This exerts pressure on the brain or spinal cord and can even damage the nervous system tissue, possibly permanently. It is important to treat CNS infections as otherwise they can prove to be fatal.

What causes CNS Infections?

CNS infections can result from a number of factors, namely:

  • Nearby infection: Infections like chronic sinus or middle ear infection can extend beyond its initial site and result in CNS infections.
  • Infection spread from distant sites via blood stream
  • Head trauma or surgical procedures may also spread bacteria to CNS
What are the symptoms of CNS Infections?

The signs and symptoms of CNS Infections are:

  • Headache
  • Backpain
  • Weakness
  • Loss of sensation
  • Fever
  • Nausea & vomiting
  • Tiredness
  • Seizures
  • Paralysis
  • Coma
How can CNS Infections be treated?

Initially for CNS Infections, your doctor will give you antibiotics to eliminate potential infectious bacteria. In case, medications don’t give you relief then surgery will be done to drain the infected site. Surgical procedure gives immediate relief of pressure on the brain or spinal cord.