Gastroesophageal Reflux, also known as GERD, is a chronic digestive disease in which the stomach acid or stomach content moves back up into the food pipe and irritates the lining of a person’s esophagus.
What causes GERD?
A number of factors are responsible for GERD, namely:
Dietary and lifestyle choices (consumption of fatty foods, coffee, alcohol, chocolate etc.)
What are the symptoms of GERD?
The most common symptoms of GERD are:
Heart burn (burning sensation in the chest)
Taste of stomach fluid back into the mouth
Pain in chest
Sensation of lump in throat
How can GERD be treated?
GERD can be treated by:
Over-the-counter medicines to control acid that includes antacids and medicines to reduce or block acid production
Prescription- strength medicines
Surgery (To reinforce or strengthen the lower esophageal sphincter)