Hypothyroidism, also known as underactive thyroid disease, is a very common problem in which your thyroid gland is unable to make sufficient thyroid hormones. Since thyroid hormone is responsible for body’s metabolism, but with this condition, there is slow metabolism in the body.
What are the causes of Hypothyroidism?
Various factors responsible for Hypothyroidism are:
Radiation therapy to the neck area
Radioactive iodine treatment
Use of certain medications
Too little iodine in diet
What are the symptoms of Hypothyroidism?
The most common symptoms of Hypothyroidism are:
Increased sensitivity to cold
Muscle weakness and muscle ache
Painful, stiff and swollen joints
Changes in menstrual cycle (irregular periods or heavy bleeding)
Thinning of hair
Slow heart rate
How can Hypothyroidism be treated?
The standard treatment for Hypothyroidism involves daily intake of pill, that is synthetic thyroid hormone levothyroxine.