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Polycystic Ovary Disease (PCOD)

What is Polycystic Ovary Disease?

PCOD is a metabolic condition that results in

  • Irregular menstrual cycle
  • Leading to the formation of multiple small cysts in the ovaries.

In such condition, the ovary gets enlarged and dense as compared to normal ovaries, thereby producing more male hormones.

Abnormal facial hair as well as acne may also appear. PCOD causes various issues with a woman’s menstrual cycle as well as fertility.

What causes Polycystic Ovary Disease?

Polycystic Ovary Disease is mainly caused by hormonal imbalance. Change in one hormone usually triggers change in the other. Some common reasons to which PCOD is related are:

  • Increased insulin levels
  • Low-grade inflammation
  • Genetic predisposition
What are the symptoms of Polycystic Ovary Disease?
  • Irregular menstrual cycle
  • Abnormal hair growth on face, chest, stomach and toes
  • Acne
  • Excessive obesity
  • Hormonal imbalance
  • Infertility
  • Dark patches visible on skin (neck and arms)
  • Insulin resistance
  • Heavy periods or no periods at all
How can Polycystic Ovary Disease be treated?

As PCOD is mainly caused due to hormonal imbalance, therefore, it is important to correct the hormones first and then other issues later on. Your doctor will recommend treatment that helps in controlling the symptoms and preventing the condition from getting worse. He may suggest:

  • A healthy diet with regular exercise to lose weight
  • Birth control pills may be recommended
  • Fertility drugs
  • Anti-androgens to reduce male hormone level
  • Surgery in certain cases.