What is rhinitis?
Rhinitis is a reaction that occurs in the eyes, nose and throat when airborne irritants (allergens) trigger the release of histamine. Histamine causes inflammation and fluid production in the fragile linings of nasal passages, sinuses, and eyelids.
How is allergic rhinitis diagnosed?
Typically, the diagnosis is made by your physician based on a thorough history and physical examination. In addition to the above signs, the physician may find on physical examination dark circles under the eyes, creases under the eyes, swollen tissue inside the nose, and mouth breathing.
Treatment for allergic rhinitis:
Avoidance of the allergens that are causing the problem is the best treatment. Specific treatment will be determined by your physician based on:
- your overall health and medical history
- extent of the reaction
- your tolerance for specific medications, procedures, or therapies
- expectations for the course of the reaction
- your opinion or preference