A Seizure is a sudden surge in the brain’s electrical activity that happens due to chemical changes occurring in nerve cells. It occurs for a short duration of time and usually affects a person’s appearance. Most of the Seizures last for 30 seconds to 2 minutes and are harmless. In case it lasts for more than 5 minutes or if the person has many Seizures and he doesn’t wake up between then it is a medical emergency that requires immediate treatment. A Seizure itself is not a disease but a symptom of brain problem.
What are the causes of Seizure?
There are various health conditions that can lead to seizure. Anything that affects the body has direct effect on the brain and it may cause seizure. The health conditions include:
Bites or sting
Infection in brain
Congenital brain defect
Brain injury while child birth
Drug abuse or drug withdrawal
Very high BP
Stroke Kidney failure
What are the symptoms of Seizure?
One may experience few symptoms before Seizure actually occurs, that may include:
A sudden feeling of fear or anxiety
Change in vision
Trembling arms and legs
The symptoms one may experience when a seizure is in progress includes:
Loss of consciousness followed by confused state of mind
Uncontrolled muscle spasms
Drooling or frothing at mouth
Having strange taste in mouth
Clenching your teeth
Biting your tongue
Rapid eye movements
Making unusual noises like grunting
Loss of bladder or bowel control
Sudden mood swings
How can Seizures be treated?
Seizures can be treated by treating the underlying cause of the problem. This way one can prevent future seizures. Treatment for seizures due to epilepsy includes: