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Sepsis

What is Sepsis?

Sepsis is a very serious medical condition in which the chemicals produced by a person`s immune system releases into the blood stream and instead of fighting against the infection, they cause inflammation throughout the body. This inflammation can result in multiple organ failure, leading to the death of a person.

What causes Sepsis?

Bacterial, viral or fungal infection can cause sepsis but it is most likely caused by:

  • Pneumonia
  • Abdominal infection
  • Kidney infection
  • Infection in blood stream
What are the symptoms of Sepsis?

Sepsis is classified into three different stages and every stage has its own symptoms:

  • Sepsis – Fever above 101°F, heart rate > 90 beats/minute, breathing rate > 20 breaths/minute
  • Severe sepsis – Low urine output, low platelet count, patches of discoloured skin, difficulty breathing, pain in abdomen, weakness and abnormal heart functions
  • Septic shock – All symptoms of severe sepsis and very low blood pressure
How can Sepsis be treated?

Sepsis can be treated by:

  • Medications (Antibiotics and Vasopressors)
  • Supportive care (oxygen and large amount of intravenous fluids)
  • Surgery