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Sjogren�s Syndrome

What is Sjogren’s Syndrome?

Sjogren’s Syndrome is an autoimmune disease in which the mucous membranes and moisture-secreting glands of your eyes and mouth are affected. As a result of this, there is less production of tears and saliva causing dry eyes and dry mouth. This disease is often accompanied by other autoimmune disorders like lupus and rheumatoid arthritis. It usually occurs in females over the age of 40 years.


What causes Sjogren’s Syndrome?

In Sjogren’s Syndrome, the body’s immune system attacks its own healthy cells and tissues thinking them to be foreign infectious bodies. Scientists are yet not sure as to why this happens but it is believed that certain genes are responsible for this such as infection that occurs due to particular virus or strain of bacteria.


What are the symptoms of Sjogren’s Syndrome?

The most common symptoms of Sjogren’s Syndrome are:

  • Dry eyes that may itch, burn or feel gritty
  • Dry mouth that makes it tough for you to swallow or speak

Other symptoms may include:

  • Pain, swelling and stiffness in joints
  • Swollen salivary glands
  • Dry skin
  • Skin rash
  • Vaginal dryness
  • Dry cough
  • Fatigue


How can Sjogren’s Syndrome be treated?

In mild cases, people with Sjogren’s Syndrome manage the conditions themselves by using over-the-counter eye drops and drinking a lot of water. But in severe conditions, your doctor will recommend:

  • Medications
  • Surgery