What is squamous cell carcinoma?
Squamous cell skin cancer (sometimes referred to as non-melanoma carcinoma) may appear as nodules, or as red, scaly patches of skin.
Who is at risk for squamous cell carcinoma?
Squamous cell carcinoma is the second most common skin cancer found in Caucasians, and is usually found on fair-skinned persons. According to the American Academy of Dermatology, the cure rate for squamous cell carcinoma is 95 percent, when properly treated. The risk factors for squamous cell carcinoma include the following:
- human papilloma virus (HPV)
- history of skin cancer
- immunosuppression, such as in persons who have had organ transplants
- treatment of psoriasis
- long-term skin inflammation or injury
- radiation exposure
- chemical exposure
- excessive exposure to UV radiation (sunlight or tanning beds)
Where is squamous cell carcinoma found?
Squamous cell carcinoma is typically is found on the rim of the ear, face, lips and mouth, however, it can spread to other parts of the body. Although generally more aggressive than basal cell carcinoma, this cancer is highly treatable.