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Systemic Lupus Erythematosus/SLE

What is Systemic Lupus Erythematosus?

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus/SLE is an autoimmune disease in which the person’s body produces abnormal antibodies in their blood that attack the tissues within its own body thinking that they are foreign. SLE usually affects women than men and occurs in the age 20-45 years.

What causes Systemic Lupus Erythematosus?

The exact cause of SLE is not known. However, there are certain factors that may be associated with SLE, namely:

  • Genetics
  • Environmental factors (UV rays, certain drugs, viruses, stress, trauma)
  • Sex and hormones (women are more affected than men)
What are the symptoms of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus?

The most common symptoms of SLE include:

  • Severe fatigue
  • Joint pain and swelling
  • Headache
  • Butterfly rash on face that includes your cheek & nose
  • Hair loss
  • Anemia
  • Blood clotting problems
  • Loss of appetite
  • Photosensitivity
  • Fingers turning white or blue and tingling when cold
How can Systemic Lupus Erythematosus be treated?

With the help of various treatment options symptoms can be eased and they include:

  • Anti-inflammatory medicines (to reduce joint pain & swelling)
  • Steroid cream (rashes)
  • Corticosteroids (to reduce immune system)
  • Antimalarial drugs
  • Disease modifying drugs