Toxic shock syndrome (TSS) describes a cluster of symptoms that involve many systems of the body. The following bacteria commonly cause TSS:
TSS from Staphylococcus infections was identified in the late 70s and early 80s when highly absorbent tampons were widely used in menstruating women. Due to manufacturing changes in tampons, the incidence of tampon-induced TSS has declined.
TSS from Streptococcus infections is most commonly seen in children and the elderly. Other populations at risk include individuals with diabetes, HIV, chronic lung disease, or heart disease.
What are the possible causes of TSS:
history of using super-absorbent tampons
a local infection in the skin or deep tissue
history of using the diaphragm or contraceptive sponge
history of childbirth or abortion
Treatment for toxic shock syndrome:
Specific treatment will be determined by your physician based on:
your age, health, and medical history
extent of the disease
your tolerance for specific medications, procedures, or therapies