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Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

What is carpal tunnel syndrome?

Carpal tunnel syndrome is a condition in which the median nerve is compressed as it passes through an opening from the wrist to the hand called the carpal tunnel. The carpal tunnel is formed by the carpal bones on the bottom of the wrist and the transverse carpal ligament across the top of the wrist. Since the median nerve provides sensory and motor functions to the thumb and three middle fingers, many symptoms may result.

What causes carpal tunnel syndrome?

Most cases of carpal tunnel syndrome have no specific cause, although any/all of the following may serve as a contributing factor:

When a neurinoma develops, it may cause any/all of the following:

  • frequent, repetitive, small movements with the hands (such as with typing or using a keyboard)
  • frequent, repetitive, grasping movements with the hands (such as with sports and certain physical activities)
  • joint or bone disease (i.e., arthritis, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis)
  • hormonal or metabolic changes (i.e., menopause, pregnancy, thyroid imbalance)
  • changes in blood-sugar levels (may be seen with type 2 diabetes)
  • other conditions or injuries of the wrist (i.e., strain, sprain, dislocation, break, or swelling and inflammation)
Treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome:

Specific treatment for acoustic neurinoma will be determined by your physician based on:

  • your age, overall health, and medical history
  • extent of the disease
  • your tolerance for specific medications, procedures, or therapies
  • expectations for the course of the disease
  • your opinion or preference