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Acoustic Neuroma

What is acoustic neurinoma? Acoustic neurinoma, also referred to as acoustic neuroma or vestibular schwannoma, is a non-cancerous tumor that may develop from an overproduction of Schwann cells that press…

Acromegaly

What is acromegaly? Acromegaly is the Greek word for "extremities" and "enlargement." When the pituitary gland produces excess growth hormones, this results in excessive growth - called acromegaly. The excessive…

Actinic Keratosis (A Precancerous Condition)

What is actinic keratosis? Actinic keratosis, also known as a solar keratosis, is a scaly or crusty bump that arises on the skin surface. The base may be light or…

Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia

  What is acute lymphocytic leukemia? Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) is a cancer of the blood in which too many lymphocytes, a type of white blood cell, are produced by…

Acute Myelogenous Leukemia

What is acute myelogenous leukemia? Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) is a cancer of the blood usually in which too many granulocytes, a type of white blood cell, are produced in…

Acute Spinal Cord Injury

What is an acute spinal cord injury? The spinal cord is a bundle of nerves that carries messages between the brain and the rest of the body. Acute spinal cord…

Angina Pectoris

  What is angina pectoris? Angina pectoris (or simply angina) is recurring chest pain or discomfort that happens when some part of the heart does not receive enough blood and…

Adrenal Tumors / Pheochromocytoma

What are Adrenal tumors? Adrenal tumors are the tumors formed in the adrenal glands that are located above the kidneys. Adrenal glands are part of endocrine system that produces hormones…

African Trypanosomiasis (African Sleeping Sickness)

  What is African trypanosomiasis (African sleeping sickness)? African trypanosomiasis, also called African sleeping sickness, is a systemic disease caused by a parasite and transmitted by the bite of the…

Alcohol-Induced Liver Disease

  What is alcohol-induced liver disease? Alcohol-induced liver diseaseis damage caused to the liver due to excessive consumption of alcohol and is a common but preventable disease. There are three…

Alcoholic Hepatitis

  What is alcoholic hepatitis? Hepatitis inflammation of the liver, resulting in liver cell damage and destruction. Alcoholic hepatitis is a complex serious Disease and is a precursor to chronic…

Alpha Thalassemia

  What is alpha thalassemia? Thalassemia is an inherited disorder that affects the production of normal hemoglobin (a type of protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen to the…

Alzheimer's Disease (Condition)

What is Alzheimer's disease? Alzheimer's disease is a progressive, neurodegenerative disease that occurs when nerve cells in the brain die and often results in the following:

Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) / Lou Gehrigs Disease

What is amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)? Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a terminal neurological disorder characterized by progressive degeneration of nerve cells in the spinal cord and brain. Often referred…

Anemia of Folate Deficiency

What is folate-deficiency anemia? Folate deficiency is the lack of folic acid in the blood, which can cause a type of anemia known as megaloblastic (pernicious) anemia. Folic acid is…

Aneurysm

What is an aneurysm? An aneurysm is a bulging, weakened area in the wall of a blood vessel resulting in an abnormal widening or ballooning greater than 50 percent of…

Ankylosing Spondylitis

What is ankylosing spondylitis? Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a type of arthritis that affects the spine. The disease causes inflammation of the spine and large joints, resulting in stiffness and…

Aphasia

What is aphasia? Aphasia is a language disorder caused by damage in a specific area of the brain that controls language expression and comprehension. It leaves a person unable to…

Aplastic Anemia

What is aplastic anemia? Aplastic anemia occurs when the bone marrow produces too few of all three types of blood cells: red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. A…

Arthritis (Condition)

What is arthritis? Arthritis is an inflammation of a joint (where two or more bones meet) that causes pain, stiffness and swelling in joints or other surrounding body structures such…

Ataxia

What is ataxia? The word "ataxia" comes from the Greek word "a taxis," which means "without order or without coordination." Thus, ataxia means without coordination. Persons who are diagnosed with…

Atherosclerosis

What is atherosclerosis? Atherosclerosis is a type of arteriosclerosis caused by a build-up of plaque in the inner lining of an artery. (Arteriosclerosis is a general term for thickening or…

Atrial Fibrillation

What is an arrhythmia? Arrhythmias (or dysrhythmias) are abnormal rhythms of the heart which cause the heart to pump less effectively. Normally, as the electrical impulse moves through the heart,…

Autistic Disorder

What is autistic disorder? Autistic disorder (also called autism; more recently described as "mindblindedness") is a neurological and developmental disorder that usually appears during the first three years of life.…

Avascular Necrosis

What is avascular necrosis? Avascular necrosis (also called osteonecrosis, aseptic necrosis, or ischemic bone necrosis) is a disease that results from the temporary or permanent loss of blood supply to…

Acne

What is acne? Acne is a very common disorder of the hair follicles and sebaceous glands. The glands become clogged, leading to pimples and cysts. It most often begins in…

Atopic dermatitis

Atopic dermatitis (eczema) is an itchy inflammation of your skin. It's a long-lasting (chronic) condition that may be accompanied by asthma or hay fever. Eczema is most often seen in…

Acute Subdural Hematoma

What is Acute Subdural Hematoma? An Acute Subdural Hematoma is a clot of blood that develops between the surface of brain and its tough outer covering known as dura mater.…

Analgesic Nephropathy

What is analgesic nephropathy? Analgesic nephropathy is a chronic kidney disease that gradually leads to end-stage renal disease. It often results from taking painkillers every day for several years. The…

Acute Kidney Injury (AKI)

What is Acute Kidney Injury? Acute Kidney Injury refers to the abrupt deterioration in kidney function that happens within few hours or few days. AKI results in the accumulation of…

Acute Nephritic Syndrome

What is mumps? Mumps is an acute and highly contagious viral illness that usually occurs in childhood. Spread by airborne droplets from the upper respiratory tract, the disease usually takes…

Acute and Chronic Rhinitis

What is Rhinitis? Rhinitis refers to the irritation, inflammation and swelling of the mucous membrane of the nose that is usually caused by viruses, bacteria or seasonal allergy.   What…

Abscess

What is an Abscess? An Abscess is a soft, tender, painful swelling filled with pus due to bacterial infection. The area of Abscess is surrounded by skin that is pink…

Appendicitis

What is Appendicitis? Appendicitis is an inflammation of the appendix where it becomes swollen and filled with pus. It is a small finger-shaped pouch about 5-10 cm located on the…

Autoimmune Disorders

What are Autoimmune Disorders? Autoimmune Disorders occur when your body’s immune system decides that your healthy cells are foreign and destroys them by mistake. These disorders can result in abnormal…

Acute and Chronic Pharyngitis

What is Pharyngitis? Pharyngitis is the inflammation of the pharynx, which is located in the back of throat. It is a very common condition that causes sore throat.Pharyngitis usually occurs…

Adenoids and Tonsils

What are Tonsils and Adenoids? Tonsils are lumps of soft tissue that are present on both sides at the back of mouth. Their size may vary from person to person.…

Abdominal Lump

What is an Abdominal Lump? An Abdominal Lump is an abnormal growth in the abdomen that causes swelling or bulge to be formed in any area of the abdomen. This…

Adrenal Gland Disorders

What are Adrenal Gland Disorders? The adrenal glands are small triangular glands that are present on top of each kidney. They produce different hormones that control many bodily functions like…

Acute Bronchitis

  What is acute bronchitis? Bronchitis is an inflammation of the breathing tubes (airways) that are called bronchi, which causes increased production of mucus and other changes. Acute and chronic…

Ambiguous Genitalia

  What do you mean by Ambiguous genitalia? Ambiguous genitalia is a rare birth defect in which an infant’s external genitals don’t depict clearly whether male or female. In such…