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Creeping Eruption

What is creeping eruption? Creeping eruption is a skin infection caused by hookworms, which normally are found on dogs and cats. The parasite spreads to humans through skin contact with…

Candidiasis (Yeast Infection)

What is candidiasis? Candidiasis, sometimes called moniliasis or a yeast infection, is an infection caused by yeast on the skin and/or mucous membranes. Although yeast is normally a harmless inhabitant…

Cardiac Sarcoma

What is cardiac sarcoma? Cardiac sarcoma is a type of tumor that occurs in the heart. Cardiac sarcoma is a primary malignant (cancerous) tumor. Tumors are considered to be either…

Cardiomyopathy

What is cardiomyopathy? Cardiomyopathy is any disease of the heart muscle in which the heart loses its ability to pump blood effectively. In some instances, heart rhythm is disturbed and…

Carotid Artery Disease

What is carotid artery disease? Carotid artery disease, also called carotid artery stenosis, occurs when the carotid arteries, the main blood vessels that carry oxygenated blood to the brain, become…

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

What is carpal tunnel syndrome? Carpal tunnel syndrome is a condition in which the median nerve is compressed as it passes through an opening from the wrist to the hand…

Cat Scratch Disease

What is cat scratch disease? Cat scratches and bites can cause cat scratch disease, a bacterial infection carried in cat saliva. The bacteria are passed from a cat to a…

Cervical Cancer

What is the cervix? The cervix is the lower, narrow part of the uterus (womb) located between the bladder and the rectum. It forms a canal that opens into the…

Cholangitis

What is cholangitis? Cholangitis is an inflammation of the bile duct system that is usually related to a bacterial infection. The bile duct system is the drainage system that carries…

Cholecystitis

What is cholecystitis? Cholecystitis is an inflammation of the gallbladder wall and nearby abdominal lining. Cholecystitis is usually caused by a gallstone in the cystic duct, the duct that connects…

Cellulitis

What is cellulitis? Cellulitis is a deep bacterial infection of the skin. The infection usually involves the face or the arms and legs. It may happen in normal skin, but…

Cradle Cap / Seborrheic Dermatitis

What is seborrheic dermatitis (cradle cap)? Also called cradle cap, seborrheic dermatitis in the infant is characterized by fine white scales. However, seborrheic dermatitis can also occur in the diaper…

Cholera

What is cholera? Cholera is an acute, infectious disease caused by the consumption of water or food contaminated with the bacterium Vibrio cholera. What causes cholera? Vibrio cholerae is usually…

Chondroblastoma

What is chondroblastoma? Sometimes called Codman's tumor, a chondroblastoma is a rare type of benign bone tumor that originates from cartilage. Cartilage is the specialized, gristly connective tissue that is…

Chronic Bronchitis

What is chronic bronchitis? Chronic bronchitis is a long-term inflammation of the bronchi, which results in increased production of mucus, as well as other changes. To be classified as chronic…

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

What is chronic fatigue syndrome? Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a debilitating condition characterized by profound tiredness, regardless of bed rest. CFS symptoms may actually worsen with physical or mental…

Chronic Liver Disease /Cirrhosis

Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

What is chronic lymphocytic leukemia? Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is a cancer of the blood in which too many lymphocytes, a type of white blood cell, are produced by the…

Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia

What is chronic myelogenous leukemia? Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) is a cancer of the blood in which too many granulocytes, a type of white blood cell, build up in the…

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

What is chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)? COPD is a term that refers to a group of lung diseases that can interfere with normal breathing. It is estimated that more…

Chronic Venous Insufficiency

What is chronic venous insufficiency? Chronic venous insufficiency occurs when the leg veins do not allow blood to travel back to the heart. (Arteries carry blood away from the heart,…

Claudication

What is claudication? Claudication refers to limping because of pain in the thigh, calf, and/or buttocks that occurs when walking. Claudication may be a symptom of peripheral arterial disease (PAD).…

Colorectal Cancer

What is colorectal cancer? Colorectal cancer is malignant cells found in the colon or rectum. The colon and the rectum are parts of the large intestine, which is part of…

Calluses and Corns

What are calluses and corns? Calluses are protective pads made up of the thickened upper layer of skin due to repeated rubbing of the area. Corns are small calluses that…

Craniosynostosis (Craniofacial Anomaly)

What is craniosynostosis? The normal skull consists of several plates of bone that are separated by sutures. The sutures (fibrous joints) are found between the bony plates in the head.…

Cowden Syndrome

Cowden Syndrome The risk for breast cancer, gastrointestinal cancers, and thyroid cancer is increased with Cowden syndrome, a rare autosomal dominant disorder that is also associated with a number of…

Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma

What is cutaneous T-cell lymphoma? Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma is a disease caused when T-lymphocytes become malignant and affect the skin. T-lymphocytes are the infection-fighting white blood cells in the lymph…

Cryptosporidiosis

What is cryptosporidiosis? Cryptosporidiosis is a diarrheal infection caused by the parasite Cryptosporidium. The parasite is transmitted after drinking or swallowing contaminated food or water, including water swallowed while swimming.…

Crohns Disease

What is Crohn's disease? Crohn's disease is an inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that is a chronic condition that may recur at various times over a lifetime. It usually involves the…

Cystic Fibrosis (Condition)

What is cystic fibrosis? Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an inherited disease characterized by an abnormality in the glands that produce sweat and mucus. Due to improved treatments, people with CF,…

Cerebro- Vascular Accidents (CVA)

What are Cerebrovascular Accidents? Cerebrovascular Accidents occur when blood flow to a part of the brain suddenly stops and it doesn’t receive oxygen. This lack of oxygen may damage or…

Cervical canal stenosis

What is Cervical canal stenosis? Cervical canal stenosis is a condition in which there is narrowing of the spinal canal in the neck that further squeezes and compresses the nerve…

CNS Infections

What are CNS Infections? The Central Nervous System (CNS) comprises of the brain, spinal cord and related membranes. Usually, CNS is well-secured against infections by tough, protective membranes. But under…

CSF Rhinorrhoea

What is CSF rhinorrhoea? CSF (Cerebral spinal fluid)rhinorrhoea is a condition in which the fluid that is protecting the brain leaks through a hole through skull bone. The leakage can…

Complete Heart Block (CHB)

What is Complete Heart Block (CHB)? Complete Heart Block (CHB) occurs when the electrical signals can’t pass normally from the atria, the heart’s upper chambers, to the ventricles or lower…

Chronic Subdural Hematoma

What is Chronic Subdural Hematoma? A Chronic Subdural Hematoma is an old clot of blood that occurs on the brain’s surface beneath the outer covering of the brain. It usually…

CATARACT

What is Cataract? Cataract is a common condition in older adults & can occur at any age in which there is clouding of the normally clear lens of the eye,…

CONJUNCTIVITIS (PINK EYE)

What is Conjunctivitis? Conjunctiva is a thin clear membrane that lines the inside of the eyelid and covers the white part of your eyeball. When your conjunctiva becomes inflamed or…

Corneal Ulcer

What is Corneal Ulcer? A cornea is a thin clear structure in front of the eye that overlies on the coloured part of the eye (iris). Corneal Ulcer is the…

CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE

What is Chronic Kidney Disease? Chronic Kidney Disease also known as chronic kidney failure is a gradual loss of kidney function over a period of several years. Eventually, the kidney…

Chondrosarcoma

What is chondrosarcoma? Chondrosarcoma is a type of cancer that develops in cartilage cells. It is a malignant type of bone cancer that primarily affects the cartilage cells of the…

Congenital Hand Deformities

What are congenital hand deformities? Congenital anomalies are deformities that are present at birth. Any type of deformity in a newborn infant can become a challenge for the child as…

Cubital Tunnel Syndrome

What is cubital tunnel syndrome? Cubital tunnel syndrome feels similar to the pain that occurs from hitting the "funny" bone in your elbow. The "funny" bone in the elbow is…

Carcinoma Oral Cavity & Oropharynx

What are Oral Cavity and Oropharyngeal Cancers? Oral cavity cancer, also known as oral cancer, is a condition when malignant (cancer) cells in the mouth start to grow out of…

Change in Voice

What do you mean by Change in Voice? Change in Voice refers to a condition in which voice changes as compared to normal voice. This can happen due to some…