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Health Information

Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura

What is idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP)? ITP is a blood disorder characterized by an abnormal decrease in the number of platelets in the blood. Platelets are cells in the blood…

Immunoglobulin A (IgA) Nephropathy

What is IgA nephropathy? IgA nephropathy is a chronic kidney disease that may progress over a period of 10 to 20 years, and can lead to end-stage renal disease. It…

Impotence / Erectile Dysfunction

What is erectile dysfunction (ED)? Impotence, or erectile dysfunction, is the inability to achieve an erection, and/or dissatisfaction with the size, rigidity, and/or duration of erections. According to the National…

Indigestion

What is indigestion? Indigestion, also known as dyspepsia, is a painful or burning feeling in the upper abdomen and is usually accompanied by nausea, bloating or gas, a feeling of…

Infectious Arthritis

What is infectious arthritis? Infectious arthritis is an infection in the joint (synovial) fluid and joint tissues. The infection usually reaches the joint(s) though the bloodstream, although some joints may…

Infectious Mononucleosis

What is infectious mononucleosis? Infectious mononucleosis, also known as mononucleosis, "mono," or glandular fever, is characterized by swollen lymph glands and chronic fatigue. What causes infectious mononucleosis? Infectious mononucleosis is…

Infertility

What is infertility? Infertility is defined by the American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM) as a disease of the reproductive system that impairs the body's ability to perform the basic…

Interstitial Lung Disease (Pulmonary Fibrosis)

What are interstitial lung diseases? Interstitial lung disease, or ILD, is a common term that includes 130 to 200 chronic lung disorders, which may be: chronic nonmalignant (non-cancerous) noninfectious Interstitial…

Iron-Deficiency Anemia

What is iron-deficiency anemia? The most common cause of anemia is iron deficiency. Iron is needed to form hemoglobin. Iron is mostly stored in the body in the hemoglobin. About…

Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)

What is irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)? Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is an intestinal disorder that causes the following: crampy pain gassiness bloating changes in bowel habits IBS has inaccurately been…

Influenza

Influenza is a viral infection that attacks your respiratory system, including your nose, throat, bronchial tubes and lungs. If you're generally healthy and you catch influenza — commonly called the…

Inborn Errors of Metabolism

What do you mean by Inborn Errors of Metabolism? Inborn Errors of Metabolism are rare genetic disorders in which your body loses its tendency to properly turn food into energy.…

Infant of Diabetic Mother

What is Infant of Diabetic Mother? A fetus growing inside the woman having diabetes may be exposed to high blood sugar levels throughout the pregnancy. If diabetes is not controlled…

Incisional Hernia

What is Incisional Hernia? Incisional Hernia is a weakness in the muscle caused by the incision made in the prior abdominal surgery. To be more precise, when a surgery is…

Ingrown Toenails

What are Ingrown Toenails? Ingrown Toenails is a painful condition that occurs when sharp edges or corners of your nails dig into the skin next to the nail. Initially pain…

Inguinal Hernia

What is an Inguinal Hernia? An Inguinal Hernia occurs when fatty or intestinal contents protrude through a weak spot in the abdomen. This results in a bulge that is very…

Inguinal Hernia

What is an Inguinal Hernia? An Inguinal Hernia occurs when fatty or intestinal contents protrude through a weak spot in the abdomen. This results in a bulge that is very…

Intestinal Obstruction

What is Intestinal Obstruction? Intestinal Obstruction is the blockage of small or large intestine that prevents the passage of fluids and digested food. Due to this, food, fluids, gastric acids…

Irregular Menses

What are Irregular Menses? Menstruation is the part of menstrual cycle in which the uterus sheds its lining and bleeding takes place from vagina. It generally ranges from 21 to…

Infertility / Subfertility (Male and Female)

What is infertility? Infertility is a condition in which the couple has been trying to conceive for more than a year but has got no success. Generally medical assistance is…

Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF)

What do you mean by Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF)? Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF) is a medical condition in which the tissues deep in your lungs become thick and scarred, thereby,…

Interstitial Lung Disease

What do you mean by Interstitial Lung Disease? Interstitial Lung Disease is a group of lung diseases in which there is scarring of lung tissues between and supporting the air…

Irritable Bowel Syndrome

What do you mean by mean by Irritable Bowel Syndrome? Irritable Bowel Syndrome is a common, long-term condition of the digestive system that affects the large intestine. It causes pain…

Insulinoma

What is Insulinoma? Insulinoma is a small tumor that develops in the pancreas and produces excessive amount of insulin. Usually, this tumor is non-cancerous and measures less than 2 cms…