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Health Information

Brain Aneurysm and AVM

What is Brain Aneurysm? A Brain Aneurysm, also known as cerebral aneurysm, is a condition in which the wall of the blood vessel in brain weakens. This vessel weakness in…

Brain Abscess

What is Brain Abscess? A Brain Abscess is a serious and potentially life-threatening condition in which there is pus-filled swelling in the brain. It occurs when bacteria or fungi enter…

BSE (Mad Cow Disease) and nvCJD

What is bovine spongiform encephalopathy (Mad Cow Disease)? BSE is a progressive neurological disorder of cattle resulting from infection by a prion. By September 2006, 196 human cases of VCD…

Back and Neck Pain

What is low back pain? Low back pain can range from mild, dull, annoying pain, to persistent, severe, disabling pain in the lower back. Pain in the lower back can…

Baldness (Alopecia)

What Is Baldness? Baldness, also known as alopecia, is hair loss or absence of hair. Baldness is usually most noticeable on the scalp, but can occur anywhere on the body…

Barretts Esophagus

  What is Barrett's esophagus? Barrett's esophagus is a condition in which normal cells that line the esophagus, called squamous cells, turn into cells not usually found in humans, called…

Basal Cell Carcinoma

  What is basal cell carcinoma? Basal cell cancer, sometimes called non-melanoma skin cancer, usually appears as a small, fleshy bump or nodule on the head, neck, or hands. Occasionally,…

Basal Cell Nevus Syndrome (Gorlin Syndrome)

  Basal Cell Nevus Syndrome (Gorlin Syndrome) The risk for ovarian cancer and skin cancer is increased with basal cell nevus syndrome (also called Gorlin syndrome and nevoid basal cell…

Bells Palsy

  What is Bell's palsy? Bell's palsy is an unexplained episode of facial muscle weakness or paralysis that begins suddenly and worsens over three to five days. This condition results…

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)

What is benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)? BPH (also referred to as benign prostatic hypertrophy) is a condition in which the prostate gland becomes very enlarged and may cause problems associated…

Beta Thalassemia (Cooleys Anemia)

  What is beta thalassemia? Thalassemia is an inherited disorder that affects the production of normal hemoglobin (a type of protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen to the…

Biliary Cirrhosis / Bile Duct Cancer

  What is biliary cirrhosis? Biliary cirrhosis is a rare form of liver cirrhosis, caused by disease or defects of the bile ducts. Symptoms usually include cholestasis (accumulation of bile…

Binge Eating Disorder

  What is binge eating disorder? Binge eating disorder is an illness that resembles bulimia nervosa and is characterized by episodes of uncontrolled eating or bingeing. It differs from bulimia…

Bruxism

  What is bruxism? Bruxism is the term that refers to an incessant grinding and clenching of the teeth, unintentionally, and at inappropriate times. Bruxers (persons with bruxism) are often…

Bulimia Nervosa

  What is bulimia nervosa? Bulimia nervosa, usually referred to as bulimia, is defined as uncontrolled episodes of overeating (bingeing) and usually followed by purging (self-induced vomiting), misuse of laxatives,…

Bladder Cancer

  What is bladder cancer? Bladder cancer occurs when there are abnormal, cancerous cells growing in the bladder. According to the American Cancer Society (ACS), 70,980 cases of bladder cancer…

Bleeding / Clotting Disorders

Bleeding / Clotting Disorders occur when the body loses its ability to make sufficient amount of proteins needed to help the blood clot in order to stop bleeding. These proteins…

Breast Infections and Inflammations

What is lactational mastitis? The most common type of breast infection is lactational mastitis. With this condition, which occurs when a woman is breastfeeding, the nipples become cracked and sore,…

Behavior Disorders

Treatment Programs Massachusetts General Hospital understands that a variety of factors influence patients' health care decisions. That's just one reason why we're dedicated to ensuring patients understand their diagnosis and…

Bird flu

Bird flu is caused by a type of influenza virus that rarely infects humans. But when bird flu does strike humans, it's often deadly. More than half the people who…

Breast cancer

Breast cancer is cancer that forms in the cells of the breasts. Breast cancer can occur in both men and women, but it's far more common in women. After skin…

Brain Edema

What is Brain Edema? Brain Edema is a condition in which there is swelling in brain tissues. Your skull can’t stretch to accommodate the swelling, due to which pressure builds…

Brain Tumour

What is a brain tumour? A brain tumour is an abnormal growth of tissue in the brain. The tumour can either originate in the brain itself or come from another…

Bladder Stones

  What is a neurogenic bladder? The muscles and nerves of the urinary system work together to hold urine in the bladder and then release it at the appropriate time.…

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)/ Enlarged Prostate

<h5>What is Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)?</h5> <p>Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH), also known as enlarged prostate, is a condition in which the prostate gland that surrounds the urethra get bigger and…