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G6PD (Glucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase) Deficiency

What is G6PD deficiency? G6PD deficiency is the lack of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (an enzyme present in red blood cells) in the blood, which can cause a type of anemia known…

Gallbladder Cancer

Gallbladder cancer is a rare type of cancer that starts in the inside lining cells of the gallbladder. The gallbladder is a hollow sack located under the right side of…

Gallstones

What are gallstones? Gallstones form when bile stored in the gallbladder hardens into stone-like material. Too much cholesterol, bile salts, or bilirubin (bile pigment) can cause gallstones. When gallstones are…

Gas in the Digestive Tract

What is gas in the digestive tract? Gas in the digestive tract is created from: swallowing air. the breakdown of certain foods by the bacteria that are present in the…

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) / Heartburn

What is GERD? Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a digestive disorder that is caused by gastric acid flowing from the stomach into the esophagus. Gastroesophageal refers to the stomach and…

Gastroparesis

What is gastroparesis? Gastroparesis is a stomach disorder in which the stomach takes too long in emptying its contents. If food remains in the stomach for too long, it can…

Generalized Anxiety Disorder

What is generalized anxiety disorder? Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) causes its sufferers chronic and exaggerated worry and tension that seem to have no substantial cause. Persons with generalized anxiety disorder…

Generalized Exfoliative Dermatitis

What is generalized exfoliative dermatitis? Generalized exfoliative dermatitis is a severe inflammation of the entire skin surface due to a reaction to certain drugs, or as a result of complications…

Gestational Diabetes

What is gestational diabetes? Gestational diabetes is a condition in which the glucose level is elevated and other diabetic symptoms appear during pregnancy in a woman who has not previously…

Giant Cell Tumor

What is a giant cell tumor? A giant cell tumor is one that is made up of a large number of benign (non-cancerous) cells that form an aggressive tumor -…

Giardiasis

What is giardiasis? Giardiasis is an infectious diarrheal disease caused by the parasite Giardia intestinalis (also known as Giardia lamblia or Giardia duodenalis ), which can be transmitted through oral-fecal…

Glomerulonephritis

What is glomerulonephritis? Glomerulonephritis is a type of glomerular kidney disease in which the kidneys' filters (called glomeruli composed of tiny blood vessels) become inflamed and scarred, and slowly lose…

Glomerulosclerosis

What is glomerulosclerosis? Glomerulosclerosis is the term used to describe scarring that occurs within the kidneys in the small balls of tiny blood vessels called the glomeruli. The glomeruli assist…

Goodpasture Syndrome

What is Goodpasture syndrome? Goodpasture syndrome is a rare, autoimmune disease that can affect the lungs and kidneys. Normally, the immune system creates antibodies to fight off germs. With Goodpasture…

Gout

What is gout? Gout is characterized by inflamed, painful joints due to the formation of crystal deposits at the joints. Also known as "the disease of kings and the king…

Granuloma Annulare

h5>What is granuloma annulare? Granuloma annulare is a chronic skin condition characterized by small, raised bumps that form a ring with a normal or sunken center. The cause of granuloma…

Guillain-Barr Syndrome

What is Guillain-Barré syndrome? Guillain-Barré syndrome is a neurological disorder in which the body's immune system attacks part of the peripheral nervous system. The onset can be quite sudden and…

Glaucoma

What is Glaucoma? Glaucoma is a disease in which fluid pressure rises within your eyes, thereby, damaging the optic nerve and leading to vision loss or even blindness. Glaucoma generally…

Gallbladder Cancer

What is Gallbladder Cancer? Gallbladder cancer is a rare type of cancer that starts in the inside lining cells of the gallbladder. The gallbladder is a hollow sack located under…

Gall Bladder Stones

What are Gall Bladder Stones? Gall bladder Stones, also known as Gallstones, form when bile stored in the gallbladder hardens into stone-like material. Too much cholesterol, bile salts or bilirubin…

Genital Ulcer

What is Genital Ulcer? Genital Ulcer is a condition in which the skin or mucus membrane in the genital area is lost and there is exposure of tissue underneath it.…

Genu Varum

What is Genu Varum? Genu Varum, also known as bow legs, is a knee disorder that causes inward bowing of knees while standing, thus giving the look of a bow.…

Gastritis

What is gastritis? Gastritis is an inflammation of the stomach lining. While the lining of the stomach is quite strong and can withstand strong acid, drinking too much alcohol, eating…

GERD (Gastroesophageal Reflux)

What do you mean by GERD? Gastroesophageal Reflux, also known as GERD, is a chronic digestive disease in which the stomach acid or stomach content moves back up into the…

Growth Disorders

What are Growth disorders? Growth disorders are the problems due to which children are unable to achieve normal height, weight, sexual maturity or other features. What are the various causes…

Gynecomastia

What is Gynecomastia? Gynecomastia is a very common condition in boys and men where there is swelling in the breasts and they become abnormally large. It usually happens due to…