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Health Information

Temporomandibular Disorder (TMD)

What are the temporomandibular joints (TMJ)? Simply stated, the temporomandibular joints (TMJ) are the two joints that connect your jaw to your skull. More specifically, they are the joints that…

Tendonitis

What are tendon problems? Two major problems associated with tendons include tendonitis and tenosynovitis. Tendonitis, inflammation of a tendon (the tough cords of tissue that connect muscles to bones) can…

Testicular Cancer

What are the testicles? The testicles are the male sex glands and are part of the male reproductive system. Testicles are also called testes or gonads. They are located behind…

Tetanus

What is tetanus? Tetanus is an acute, sometimes fatal, disease of the central nervous system, caused by the toxin of the tetanus bacterium, which usually enters the body through an…

Thalassemias

Thalassemias Thalassemia is an inherited disorder that affects the production of normal hemoglobin (a type of protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen to the tissues in the body).…

Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm

What is a thoracic aortic aneurysm? A thoracic aortic aneurysm, also called TAA, is a bulging, weakened area in the wall of the aorta (the largest artery in the body),…

Thrombocythemia

What is thrombocythemia? Thrombocythemia is a myeloproliferative disorder. It is characterized by the production of too many platelets in the bone marrow. Too many platelets make normal clotting of blood…

Thrombosis

What is thrombosis? Thrombosis occurs when clots obstruct veins (blood vessels that carry blood from the body back into the heart) or arteries (blood vessels that carry oxygenated blood away…

Thyroid Disorders in Women

Functions of the thyroid gland: The thyroid gland, which plays an important role in the body's metabolism, secretes several hormones: thyroxine (T4), triiodothyronine (T3), and calcitonin. Other functions of the…

Thyroid Tumors

What are thyroid tumors? The thyroid gland is located in the front of the neck at the base of the throat. Thyroid tumors are either benign (noncancerous) or malignant (cancerous)…

Tinea Infections (Ringworm)

What are tinea infections (ringworm)? Different fungi, depending on their location on the body, cause ringworm. Ringworm is characterized by ring-shaped, red, scaly patches with clearing centers. There is an…

Tinea Versicolor

What is tinea versicolor? Tinea versicolor is a common fungal skin infection characterized by lighter or darker patches on the skin. Patches are most often found on the chest or…

Tonsillitis

What is tonsillitis? Tonsillitis refers to the inflammation of a tonsil - the large, fleshy, oval masses of tissue that lie in the lateral wall of the oral pharynx on…

Torn Meniscus

What is a torn meniscus? The ends of the three bones in the knee - the femur, tibia, and patella - are covered with cartilage (a smooth material that covers…

Torticollis (Wryneck)

What is torticollis? Torticollis, also known as wryneck, is a twisting of the neck that causes the head to rotate and tilt at an odd angle. What causes torticollis? The…

Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis

What is toxic epidermal necrolysis? Toxic epidermal necrolysis is a life-threatening skin disorder characterized by a blistering and peeling of the skin. This disorder can be caused by a drug…

Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS)

What is toxic shock syndrome? Toxic shock syndrome (TSS) describes a cluster of symptoms that involve many systems of the body. The following bacteria commonly cause TSS: Staphylococcus aureus Streptococcus…

Traveler's Diarrhea

What is traveler's diarrhea? Traveler's diarrhea (TD) is a term used to describe the diarrhea caused by infection with bacteria, protozoa, or viruses ingested by consuming food or water that…

Tuberculosis (Condition)

What is tuberculosis? Tuberculosis (TB) is a chronic bacterial infection that usually infects the lungs, although other organs are sometimes involved. TB is primarily an airborne disease. There is a…

Type 2 Diabetes

What is type 2 diabetes? Type 2 diabetes is a metabolic disorder resulting from the body's inability to make enough, or to properly use, insulin. It used to be called…

Types of Muscular Dystrophy and Neuromuscular Diseases

What are the different types of muscular dystrophy? Muscular dystrophy is a group of inherited diseases that are characterized by weakness and wasting away of muscle tissue, with or without…

Types of Skin Conditions (Laser surgery for skin conditions)

Laser surgery for skin conditions: There are many different types of lesions and skin conditions that can be treated with laser surgery. Your physician will decide if you are a…

Typhoid Fever

What is typhoid fever? Typhoid fever is a life-threatening bacterial infection caused by the bacterium Salmonella enterica serotype Typhi (S. Typhi). According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention…

Type 1 Diabetes

What is type 1 diabetes? Type 1 diabetes may also be known by a variety of other names, including the following: insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) juvenile diabetes brittle diabetes sugar…

Tes

TESR

Tubercular Brain and Spine Infections

What are Tubercular Brain and Spine Infections ? Tuberculosis is a contagious airborne disease caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. It basically affects lungs and has the tendency to…

Traumatic Intracranial Hematoma

What is Traumatic Intracranial Hematoma? Traumatic Intracranial Hematoma occurs when a blood vessel ruptures within the brain or between the brain and skull causing blood to accumulate in the area.…

Tracheo bronchial foreign body removal

What do you mean by Tracheo bronchial foreign body? Children usually below the age of 3 years inhale a foreign body that lodges in their air passages and can further…

Tennis Elbow

What is Tennis Elbow? Tennis Elbow refers to the painful condition in which tendons on outer side of the elbow get inflamed. This usually happens due to repetitive motion of…

Trigger Finger

What is Trigger Finger? Trigger Finger, also known as stenosing tenosynovitis, is a painful condition in which any one of your fingers get locked when bent. It usually happens when…

Turner syndrome

What do you mean by Turner syndrome? Turner syndrome is a genetic disorder in females when the sex chromosome (X chromosome) in them is either fully missing or partially missing.…