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Health Information

Repetitive Motion Injury

What is a repetitive motion injury (repetitive stress injury)? Repetitive motion injuries, also called repetitive stress injuries, are temporary or permanent injuries to muscles, nerves, ligaments, and tendons caused by…

Rabies

What is rabies? Rabies is a widespread, viral infection of warm-blooded animals. Caused by a virus in the Rhabdoviridae family, it attacks the nervous system and, once symptoms develop, it…

Raynaud's Phenomenon

What is Raynaud's phenomenon? Raynaud's phenomenon or, simply, Raynaud's, is a disorder characterized by decreased blood flow - usually to the fingers, and less frequently to the ears, toes, nipples,…

Reactive Arthritis (Reiter's Syndrome)

What is reactive arthritis? Reactive arthritis, also known as Reiter's syndrome, is a type of arthritis that occurs as a reaction to an infection somewhere in the body. Most infections…

Reflux

What is GERD? Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a digestive disorder that is caused by gastric acid flowing from the stomach into the esophagus. Gastroesophageal refers to the stomach and…

Renal Vascular Disease

What is renal vascular disease? Renal vascular disease is the name given to a variety of complications that affect the arteries and veins of the kidneys. These complications affect the…

Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS)

What is restless legs syndrome (RLS)? Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a sleep disorder in which a person experiences unpleasant sensations in the legs, which are described as: creeping crawling…

Rheumatic Heart Disease

What is rheumatic heart disease? Rheumatic heart disease is a condition in which permanent damage to heart valves is caused by rheumatic fever. The heart valve is damaged by a…

Rhinitis

What is rhinitis? Rhinitis is a reaction that occurs in the eyes, nose and throat when airborne irritants (allergens) trigger the release of histamine. Histamine causes inflammation and fluid production…

Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever

What are the symptoms of Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever? The following are the most common symptoms of RMSF. However, each person may experience symptoms differently. Symptoms may include: a non-itchy…

Rosacea

What is rosacea? Rosacea is a common skin condition that usually only affects the face and eyes. Characterized by redness, pimples, and broken blood vessels, rosacea tends to begin after…

Rotator Cuff Injury

What is rotator cuff injury? The rotator cuff consists of muscles and tendons that hold the shoulder in place. It is one of the most important parts of the shoulder.…

Rubella (German Measles)

What is rubella (German measles)? Rubella, sometimes called German measles, is an acute viral infection that causes a mild illness in children and slightly more severe illness in adults. The…

Rapidly Progressive Glomerulonephritis (RPGN)

What is Rapidly Progressive Glomerulonephritis? Rapidly Progressive Glomerulonephritis(RPGN) is a kidney disorder that is accompanied by microscopic glomerular crescent formation and loss of renal function over a short span of…

Renal stones/ Kidney stones

What are Renal stones? Renal stones, also known as kidney stones are solid masses of crystalline mineral material and acid salts that are formed in your kidneys but can be…

Respiratory Distress Syndrome (RDS)

What is Respiratory Distress Syndrome? Respiratory Distress Syndrome is a problem in premature babies where their lungs are not fully developed and due to this they are not able to…

Respiratory Tract Infections (RTI)

What are Respiratory tract infections (RTI)? Respiratory tract infections (RTI)refer to any infectious disease that affects the respiratory tract. RTI is classified into two main types: Upper Respiratory tract infections…

Rhinoscleroma

What is Rhinoscleroma? Rhinoscleroma is a chronic inflammatory condition that affects the nose and upper respiratory passages. It is caused by bacteria called Klebsiellarhinoscleromatis. In Rhinoscleroma, there is granulomatous swellings,…

Rhinoscleroma

What is Rhinoscleroma? Rhinoscleroma is a chronic inflammatory condition that affects the nose and upper respiratory passages. It is caused by bacteria called Klebsiellarhinoscleromatis. In Rhinoscleroma, there is granulomatous swellings,…

Rheumatoid Arthritis

What is Rheumatoid arthritis? Rheumatoid arthritis is the most common type of autoimmune arthritis that causes chronic inflammation of joints and also affects other body systems like skin, eyes, lungs,…

Rickets

What is Rickets? Rickets is a skeletal disorder in children that causes the bones to become soft and weak leading to bone pain, poor growth and skeletal deformities. It occurs…