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Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

What is obsessive-compulsive disorder? Obsessive-compulsive disorder is an anxiety disorder in which a person has an unreasonable thought, fear, or worry that he or she tries to manage through a…

Occupational Asthma

Asthma and your occupation: Approximately 15 percent of adults with asthma experience occupational asthma. Occupational asthma is a type of asthma caused by exposure to inhaled irritants in the workplace.…

Occupational Lung Diseases

What are occupational lung diseases? Repeated and long-term exposure to certain irritants on the job can lead to an array of lung diseases that may have lasting effects, even after…

Oral Cancer (Condition)

What is oral cancer? Oral cancer is cancer found in the oral cavity (the mouth area) and the oropharynx (the throat area at the back of the mouth). Oral cancer…

Osteoarthritis

What is osteoarthritis? Osteoarthritis, the most common form of arthritis, is a chronic, degenerative joint disease that affects mostly middle-aged and older adults. Osteoarthritis is characterized by the breakdown of…

Osteochondroma

What is osteochondroma? Also called osteocartilaginous exostoses, osteochondroma is an overgrowth of cartilage and bone near the end of the bone near the growth plate. This type of overgrowth can…

Osteogenesis Imperfecta

What is osteogenesis imperfecta? Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI), also known as brittle-bone disease, is a genetic (inherited) disorder characterized by bones that break easily without a specific cause. An estimated 20,000…

Osteosarcoma

What is osteosarcoma? Osteosarcoma is a type of bone cancer that develops in the osteoblast cells that form the outer covering of bone. It occurs most often in children, adolescents,…

Osteomyelitis

What is osteomyelitis? Osteomyelitis is an inflammation or swelling of bone tissue that is usually the result of an infection. Osteomyelitis, or bone infection, may occur for many different reasons…

Osteoporosis (Condition)

What is osteoporosis? Osteoporosis, or porous bone, is a disease in which there is a loss of bone mass and destruction of bone tissue. This process causes weakening of the…

Other Bacterial Skin Infections

What are some other types of bacterial skin infections? The following are other common bacterial skin infections: Infection Symptoms Treatment Erysipelas A skin infection caused by hemolytic streptococci, this condition…

Other Benign Skin Growths

What are other benign skin growths? As a person grows older and is exposed to sunlight, the skin changes. Most people have some skin marks, such as freckles and moles,…

Other Dermatitis Conditions

What are some other dermatitis conditions? The following are some of the other common dermatitis conditions: Condition Description Symptoms Treatment localized scratch dermatitis A chronic inflammation of the skin that…

Other Liver Disorders

What are autoimmune liver disorders? An autoimmune disorder is any reaction or attack of a person's immune system against its own organs and tissues. In the liver, the immune system…

Other Types of Skin Cancer: Kaposis Sarcoma

What is Kaposi's sarcoma? Kaposi's sarcoma is a cancer that starts in the skin's blood vessels. Kaposi's sarcoma comes in two forms: a slow-growing form, and a more aggressive, faster-spreading…

Ovarian Cancer

What are the ovaries? The ovaries are female reproductive organs located in the pelvis. There are two of them - one on each side of the uterus. The ovaries produce…

Ovarian Cancer and Hereditary Nonpolyposis Colon Cancer (HNPCC)

Ovarian Cancer and Hereditary Nonpolyposis Colon Cancer (HNPCC) The risk for ovarian cancer is increased with hereditary nonpolyposis colon cancer (HNPCC), or Lynch syndrome, an autosomal dominant cancer genetic syndrome.…

Overactive Adrenal Glands / Cushings Syndrome

What are overactive adrenal glands? When adrenal glands produce excessive amounts of certain hormones, they are called "overactive." Symptoms and treatment depend on which hormones are being overproduced: androgenic steroids…

Optic Neuritis

What is Optic Neuritis? Optic nerve refers to the bundle of nerve fibres that carries visual information from your eye to brain. Optic Neuritis is a condition in which your…

Osteoarthritis

What is osteoarthritis? Osteoarthritis, the most common form of arthritis, is a chronic, degenerative joint disease that affects mostly middle-aged and older adults. Osteoarthritis is characterized by the breakdown of…

Osteomalacia

What is Osteomalacia? Osteomalacia is a condition that causes softening of bones, majorly due to deficiency of Vitamin D. In Osteomalacia, a person faces problems with bone formation or bone…

Obesity

What is Obesity? Obesity refers to the condition of a person in which abnormal or excessive body fat is accumulated causing negative effect on his health. If a person’s Body…